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Physical Therapy Research Guide

Designed to promote resources used by the DPT program.

What is Evidence Based Practice?

“Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a problem-solving approach to the delivery of health care that integrates the best evidence from studies and patient care data with clinician expertise and patient preferences and values.”

 

Melnyk, B., Fineout-Overholt, E., Stillwell, S., & Williamson, K. (2009). Evidence-based practice: step by step. Igniting a spirit of inquiry: an essential foundation for evidence-based practice: how nurses can build the knowledge and skills they need to implement ERP. American Journal of Nursing, 109(11), 49-52. Retrieved from Nursing@OVID database.

DiPietro Library EBP Resources

These resources are available the FPU community and require a username and password to access.

PICO

Formulating a strong clinical question is the first step in the research process.  PICO is a way of building clinical research questions that allow you to focus your research, and to create a query that better matches most medical databases.

  • Patient – Describe your patient or population.  What are the most important characteristics?  Include information on age, race, gender, medical conditions, etc.
  • Intervention – What is the main intervention or therapy you are considering? The can be as general as treat or observe, or as specific as a specific test or therapy.
  • Comparison Intervention – An alternative intervention or therapy you wish to compare to the first.
  • Outcome – What are you trying to do for the patient?  What is the clinical outcome?  What are the relevant outcomes?

Example: In a (describe patient) can (intervention A) affect (outcome) compared with (intervention B)?

  • In a 50 year old man with diabetes is weight loss and exercise or medication better at maintaining healthy blood sugar levels?
    • Patient - 50 yr old man with diabetes
    • Intervention - weight loss and exercise
    • Comparison - medication
    • Outcome - maintaining blood sugar levels

Free EBM Resources

Evidence Based Practice - Literature