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Alice's Adventures in Wonderland: Artists and Illustrators

Alice, The Transformer

ALICE, THE TRANSFORMER

Monica Edinger in the article "Alice, The Transformerdiscusses that Alice's Adventures in Wonderland has been illustrated by a steady stream of illustrators.  Alice's journey to Wonderland seems never-ending.

In 1990 Monica Edinger learned during a seminar of the many artists who illustrated the book that she designed a new language arts unit for her fourth graders "The Many Faces of Alice."

"The children follow along as I read—selecting a different illustrated edition from my classroom collection for each session—amazed, as I still am, by the choices artists make in terms of media, settings, and scenes, each turning that little Victorian girl and her fantastical world into something completely original.

The students and I are always fascinated by exactly what the artists choose to illustrate.

Best of all are the ways my students themselves transform the source material. These have included creating illustrations.  It is these modern-day transformations that are the most exhilarating— evidence that, a century and a half after she came into being, Carroll’s dream child Alice is still thriving."

Edinger, M. (2015). Alice, The Transformer. Horn Book Magazine, 91(3), 59-63.

Introduction: Artists and Illustrators

A VERY IMPORTANT DATE

Monica Edinger discusses in the article "A Very Important Datethat after 150 years Lews Carroll's, "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" has captured the popular imagination worldwide.  Lewis Carroll kept tight control on his work but after his death and especially once the copyright ran out, artists and illustrators enthusiastically jumped in.

Monica Edinder discusses many of these books and categorizes the list as:

  • Young Readers
  • Middle Grade
  • Older Readers

Happily, 150 years after her birth, Alice continues to be one of the most unique and fascinating characters of children's literature, still enjoyed by readers today.

Edinger, M. (2015). A Very Important Date. School Library Journal, 61(9), 43-n/a.

CHANGING IMAGES OF ALICE

Changing Images of Alice examines the depiction of Alice in illustrated versions of "Alice in Wonderland" by Lewis Carroll.  The primary concern was to determine if the character of Alice had changed historically through the interpretation of different illustrators.  Eighteen different illustrators' versions of Alice published between 1965 and 1993 were analyzed.  The analysis found that, although the character of Alice was presented differently through time, there were no major changes to the story.  Alice was always drawn in a short dress with a pinafore and sash.  There have been no new interpretations of the setting since the original illustrations by John Tenniel.  This probably reflects that the original illustrations are considered to be a classic that most illustrators do not want to change drastically.

Cleaver, B. P. & Erdman, B (1993). Changing Images of Alice. 1993 12pp.

THE ART OF ALICE IN WONDERLAND

The Art of Alice in Wonderland by Stephanie Lovett Stoffel

The Art of Alice in Wonderland by Stephanie Lovett Stoffel

https://www.amazon.com/Alice-Wonderland-Stephanie-Lovett-Stoffel/dp/0765191334

ADULT BOOKS FOR YOUNG ADULTS: NON FICTION

Frances Reiher in Adult Books For Young Adults: Non Fiction reviews "The Art of Alice in Wonderland" which is a collection of artists' interpretations of the events in Lewis Carroll's "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" and "Through the Looking Glass."  The illustrations in this book are done by 20 illustrators.  Readers need to consult the section entitled "Illustration Credits" to identify the illustrator of each picture.  A complete index includes characters by name, enabling readers to compare various artists' renditions.  Variations in age, hair coloring and clothing styles make this an interesting book.

Reiher, F. (1999). Adult Books for Young Adults: Nonfiction. School Library Journal, 45(5). 162.

ALICE STILL LIVES HERE:

"Alice Still Lives Here: At the University of Toronto's Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, One Private Collector's Obsession Reveals the Infinite Creative Capacity of Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland: National Editionis a news article discussing Joseph Brabant who collected nothing but material related to Lewis Carroll and left his extraordinary collection of more than 10,000 objects to the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library at the University of Toronto.

Many illustrators have braved comparison to John Tenniel to create their own versions of Alice in Wonderland and Through The Looking Glass and this article discusses many of the world-wide illustrators..

Joseph Brabant's passion went beyond possession.  He collaborated with Canadian printmaker and teacher George A Walker and printer Bill Poole to produce his own Alice in Wonderland and Through The Looking Glass.  Brabant created his own hand-printed edition of a mere 177 copies.  Brabant and Walker chose unusual scenes, which makes the book all the more distinctive.

McCallum, E. (1999, Dec 03). Alice Still Lives Here: At the University of Toronto's Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, One Private Collector's Obsession Reveals The Infinite Creative Capacity of Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland: National Post.

Leonard Weisgard

LEONARD WESIGARD

Leonard Weisgard's interest in the quality of children's books began as a schoolboy.  He found the illustration monotonous and thought the world could not be all that dreary and limited to only one color.

He studied art and was influenced by primitive cave paintings, Gothic and Renaissance art, and avant-garde French illustrators of children's books of the 1920's.

He used a wide range of colors and media in his books, including gouache, poster paint, crayon, chalk, decoupage, stenciling and pen and ink.

He began his career making illustrations for magazines such as Good Housekeeping, The New Yorker and Harper’s Bazaar.

ALICE'S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND AND THROUGH THE LOOKING GLASS

Book cover picture: http://leonardweisgard.com/gallery-2/ 

By Lewis Carroll Pictures by Leonard Weisgard

Rudolh J. Gutman

Lithographed in the U.S.A.. by Livermore & Knight Co.

Providence R.I. Copyright 1949

LEONARD WEISGARD'S STUNNING 1949 'ALICE IN WONDERLAND' ILLUSTRATIONS

Maria Popova in the online article "Leonard's Weisgard's Stunning 1949 'Alice in Wonderland' Illustrations" describes the illustrations as: "The vibrant, textured artwork exudes a certain mid-century boldness that makes it much a timeless celebration of the beloved children's book as it is a time-capsule of bygone aesthetic from the golden age of illustration and graphic design."

https://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2011/11/leonard-weisgards-stunning-1949-alice-in-wonderland-illustrations/248012/

Anthony Browne

ANTHONY BROWNE

Anthony Browne

Lewis Carroll's classic story is wonderfully re-imagined by award-winning and internationally bestselling illustrator Anthony Browne, in a special anniversary edition. Anthony Browne's dazzling illustrations are perfectly paired with the surreal quality of Carroll's writing, making this book a treasure.

March 1, 2015 is the 150th anniversary edition.

First published in 1988.

http://www.walker.co.uk/Alice-s-Adventures-in-Wonderland-9781406361575.aspx

ANTHONY BROWN: HOW I RE-IMAGINED ALICE IN WONDERLAND

Anthony Browne explains in Anthony Browne: How I Re-Imagined Alice in Wonderland how he did not want to be influenced by Sir John Tenniel's imagery.  For example, for the Mad Hatter Anthony Browne tried to get around the Tenniel version by getting rid of his top-hat and replacing it with lots of different hats and Anthony Browne further suggests the Mad Hatter's madness by splitting his face into one half happy and one side sad.

https://www.theguardian.com/childrens-books-site/gallery/2015/mar/29/anthony-browne-alice-in-wonderland-lewis-carroll

ALICE'S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND

Karen K. Radtke, Milwaukee Public Library reviews Anthony Browne's illustrations for Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and considers that his illustrations match Carroll's brilliance.  As a tribute to Tenniel's artistry, most of the best illustrators echo his unforgettable drawings.  Although some of Anthony Browne's illustrations borrow Tenniel's composition, Browne's hyper-realistic style and quirky details make them his own.

Radtke, K. K. (1988). Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (Book). School Library Journal, 35(3), 110.

Helen Oxenbury

HELEN OXENBURY

Gorgeously illustrated, this 150th anniversary edition of Helen Oxenbury's 1999 award-winning rendition of Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland is full of warmth and humor.  The whole approach is contemporary and accessible.  Alice herself is a child of today, casually dressed, personable and spirited.In Helen Oxenbury's hands, the topsy-turvy world of Wonderland is a wondrous place indeed.

 

March 1, 2015 is the 150th anniversary edition.

First published in 1999.

https://www.walkerbooks.com.au/Books/Alices-Adventures-in-Wonderland-9781406360431

ALICES'S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND

This Publishers Weekly review of Helen Oxenbury's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland discusses how Helen Oxenbury applies her finely honed instinct for a child's perspective to create an Alice accessible to all ages.  With the opening scene of a tomboyish heroine slumped against her sister who is reading under a tree, the artist seems to answer Alice's first line: "What is the use of a book...without pictures or conversations?"  Nearly every spread contains either a spot-line drawing or a full-color painting.

Forecasts: Children's Books. (1999). Publishers Weekly, 246(44), 84.

Barry Moser

BARRY MOSER

In addition to being an illustrator, Barry Moser is also a printer, painter, printmaker, designer, author, essayist and teacher.  The books Barry Moser has illustrated and/or designed forms a list of over three hundred titles.  Barry Moser's edition of Lewis Carroll's "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland," won the National Book Award for design and illustration in 1983.

http://www.moser-pennyroyal.com/moser-pennyroyal/Biography.html

Barry Moser illustrated Lewis Carroll's "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" and was first published in 1982 through the Pennyroyal Press.

http://www.moser-pennyroyal.com/moser-pennyroyal/History_of_Pennyroyal_Press.html

Published February 24, 2011

First published in 1982 by Pennyroyal Press.

The "calculated pandemonium" of the splendidly irrational kingdom of Wonderland is what Barry Moser set out to capture in illustrating the Lewis Carroll classic.  In his seventy-five wood carvings, Barry Moser depicts with invention, wit and skill the quite exceptional inhabitants and sights of Wonderland, the March Hare, the Queen of Hearts, the Cheshire Cat's grin.  The result is startlingly original.  Alice is a brunette.

https://www.amazon.com/Alice-Adventures-Wonderland-Barry-Moser/dp/1936524023

Yayai Kusama

YAYOI KUSAMA

Lewis Carroll's whimsically timeless tale is beautifully illustrated by world-renowned pop artist Yayoi Kusama.  Since childhood, Yayoi Kusama has been afflicted with a condition that makes her see spots, which means she sees the world in a surreal way that sits very well with the Wonderland of Alice.  The book is in color and Yayoi Kusama images are interspersed throughout the text.

March 28, 2012

https://www.amazon.com/Lewis-Carrolls-Alices-Adventures-Wonderland/dp/0141197307/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1539807787&sr=8-1&keywords=alice+in+wonderland+kusama

YAYOI KUSUMA, JAPAN'S MOST CELEBRATED CONTEMPORARY ARTIST, ILLUSTRATED ALICE IN WONDERLAND

Maria Popova in the online article, Yayoi Kusuma, Japan's Most Celebrated Artist sees Yayoi Kusuma as a contender for the most visually captivating take on Alice in Wonderland with her vibrant artwork.

https://www.brainpickings.org/2012/04/18/yayoi-kusama-alice-in-wonderland/

Robert Sabuda

ROBERT SABUDA

Robert Sabuda dazzles us with breathtaking super-size pop-ups in his reworking of Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland.  Robert Sabuda has a reputation as one of the most innovative paper-engineers working in children's books.

October 31, 2003

https://www.amazon.com/Alices-Adventures-Wonderland-Pop-up-Adaptation/dp/0689847432/ref=pd_lpo_sbs_14_img_0?_encoding=UTF8&psc=1&refRID=RHHXE6J9XZHAC58GXDP9

ALICE'S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND

Joy Fleishhacker describes Robert Sabuda's illustrations for Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland as bringing Alice's adventures to life with breathtaking, three-dimensional images, that are incredibly imaginative, intricately detailed and perfectly executed.  The events unfold in glorious spreads, each featuring a large pop-up and a narrow booklet that opens into several pages, containing the text as well as additional pop-up.  Although Lewis Carroll's text has been significantly abridged, the quickly paced narrative retains the flavor of the original.

Fleishhacker, J., Jones, T.E. Toth, L., Chamizon, M. Grabarek, D., & Larkins, J. (2003). Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (Book). School Library Journal, 49(11),90.

POP UP ARTIST MEETS ALICE IN WONDERLAND

Scott Simon in Pop Up Artist Meets Alice in Wonderland talks with Robert Sabuda about his three-dimensional extravaganza: the Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.  For one of the pages in the book Alice is caught in a whirlwind of playing cards, two full decks, 104 cards in all, accurate right down to the suits and royalty.

https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1534453

ROBERT SABUDA

Robert Sabuda on his website explains that picture books are wonderful but he always hoped that one day he could create a pop-up book.  So he pulled out his old pop-up books and taught himself how to make even better ones as a grown-up.

During a trip to a new dentist he opened one of the books in the basket and was shocked and delighted when something leapt right off the page.  It was a pop-up book!  He began receiving pop-up books as gifts and soon he was able to make simple pop-ups.

http://wp.robertsabuda.com/about-robert/‚Äč

Alison Jay

ALISON JAY

September 7, 2006

https://www.amazon.com/Alices-Adventures-Wonderland-Alison-Jay/dp/0803729405

ALICE'S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND

Carolyn Phelan describes Alison Jay's illustrations for Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland as elegant with innocence.  Varying in size from full double-page pictures to tiny vignettes, the paintings glow with color under the crackle-glaze textured varnish that is characteristic for Alison Jay's work.

Phelan, C. (2006). Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. Booklist, 103(5). 51-53.

ALISON JAY

Alison Jay works in Alkyd a quick drying oil paint on paper and sometimes adds a crackle varnish to give the work an aged appearance.

https://kathytemean.wordpress.com/2014/05/17/illustrator-saturday-alison-jay/

Arthur Rackham

ARTHUR RACKHAM

March 1, 2002

First published in 1907

https://www.amazon.com/Alices-Adventures-Wonderland-Lewis-Carroll/dp/158717152X

ALICE'S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland includes Arthur Rackham's original artwork from the 1907 edition.  Pen-and-inks dot the text; full page paintings, such as one sepia-toned frame showing Alice, in a delicate rose-patterned dress, addressing the Caterpillar.

Roback, D., Brown, J. M., Britton, J., & Zaleski, J. (2002). Children's NOTES. Publishers Weekly, 249(15).66.

HOW ARTHUR RACKHAM'S 1970 DRAWINGS FOR ALICE'S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND REVOLUTIONIZED THE CARROLL CLASSIC, THE TECHNOLOGY OF BOOK ART AND THE ECONOMICS OF ILLUSTRATION

Maria Popova in the online article, "How Arthur Rackman's 1970 Drawings for Alice's Adventures in Wonderland Revolutionized the Carroll Classic, the Technology of Book Art and the Economics of Illustration" discusses Arthur Rackham's enchantment with Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland perhaps because it bridges reality and reverie, plunging the reader into the extraordinary hidden behind the ordinary.

In 1907 the text of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland entered the public domain in the United Kingdom, immediately catalyzing several illustrated editions.  Among them was Arthur Rackham, containing thirteen color plates and fifteen black-and-white line drawings. 

Arthur Rackham's drawings came to captivate the popular imagination and paved the way for a century of artistic takes on Lewis Carroll's tale.

Maria Popova also discusses another point of significance in Arthur Rackham's edition was the often neglected but powerful way in which the evolution of technology and the evolution of art fuel one another.  Arthur Rackham began photographing his drawings and having the mechanically reproduced.

https://www.brainpickings.org/2016/02/01/arthur-rackham-alice-in-wonderland/