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Evaluating Sources - CRAAP Test

Some tips on how to evaluate sources.

Evaluating sources

The C.R.A.A.P. Test

Evaluate Sources Based on the Following Criteria:


·         How recent is the information?

·         How recently has the website been updated?

·         Is it current enough for your topic?



·         What kind of information is included in the resource?

·         Is content of the resource primarily opinion?  Is is balanced?

·         Does the creator provide references or sources for data or quotations?



·         Who is the creator or author?

·         What are the credentials?

·         Who is the published or sponsor?

·         Are they reputable?

·         What is the publisher's interest (if any) in this information?

·         Are there advertisements on the website?



  • Does the information seem too good to be true?
  • Are there are other sources that make similar claims, statements, and conclusions?
  • Does the source have information on the author?
  • Does the source have a lot of citations? 

Purpose/Point of View

·         Is this fact or opinion?

·         Is it biased?

·         Is the creator/author trying to sell you something?


(adapted from LOEX 2008 wiki)