Ask a question
Find the best evidence
Evaluate the evidence
Apply the evidence in conjunction with clinical experience and patient values
Evaluate the outcomes
Johnson C. Evidence-based practice in 5 simple steps. Journal of Manipulative & Physiological Therapeutics. 2008;31(3):169-170. https://search-ebscohost-com.ezproxy.franklinpierce.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ccm&AN=105731345&login.asp&site=ehost-live&scope=site. Accessed September 4, 2019.
Formulating a strong clinical question is the first step in the research process. PICO is a way of building clinical research questions that allow you to focus your research, and to create a query that better matches most medical databases.
Example: In a (describe patient) can (intervention A) affect (outcome) compared with (intervention B)?
Background Questions - are considered general knowledge questions, topics that you learn about as part of your coursework and experience
Example: What causes gallstones?
Foreground Questions - are specific questions regarding a specific patient or population, frequently formulated in the PICO format and inform clinical decisions